英国阿斯顿大学金融学Essay代写:平均主义

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所有人道德平等吗?收入和财富的变化是否恰好?收入和财富的分配是否受到不应有的运气的影响是否重要?没有人值得他们出生的家庭,他们天生的能力或他们在社会中的起点,但这些对生活结果有着巨大的影响。牢记许多国家的极端不平等,是否有义务追求更大的收入和财富平等?不平等本质上是不公正的吗?平等是我们判断其他货物分配的基准吗?人们在某种程度上应该得到他们所拥有的东西,或者以某种方式改善社会的不平等,是否必须证明不平等是正当的?作为政治哲学中的一种观点,平均主义必须同时对待人们的待遇和分配正义。民权运动拒绝某些类型的社会和政治歧视,并要求人们得到平等对待。分配正义是平等主义的另一种形式,它涉及生活结果和有价值的事物的分配,如收入,财富和其他商品。适当的平等指标是一个有争议的问题。平等主义关于福祉,财富和收入的主观感受,更广泛的资源概念,还是其他一些选择?这就引出了一个问题,即优先度量的平均分配是否涉及每个人生命的起点(给每个人提供公平和平等的竞争和成功机会)或者平等的生活结果。平等主义也提出了范围问题。如果有义务追求分配平等,它是否只适用于特定国家或全球?

英国阿斯顿大学金融学Essay代写:平均主义

Are all persons of equal moral worth? Is variation in income and wealth just? Does it matter that the allocation of income and wealth is shaped by undeserved luck? No one deserves the family into which they are born, their innate abilities, or their starting place in society, yet these have a dramatic impact on life outcomes. Keeping in mind the extreme inequality in many countries, is there some obligation to pursue greater equality of income and wealth? Is inequality inherently unjust? Is equality a baseline from which we judge other distributions of goods? Do inequalities have to be justified by people somehow deserving what they have, or by inequality somehow improving society? As a view within political philosophy, egalitarianism has to do both with how people are treated and with distributive justice. Civil rights movements reject certain types of social and political discrimination and demand that people be treated equally. Distributive justice is another form of egalitarianism that addresses life outcomes and the allocation of valuable things such as income, wealth, and other goods. The proper metric of equality is a contentious issue. Is egalitarianism about subjective feelings of well-being, about wealth and income, about a broader conception of resources, or some other alternative? This leads us to the question of whether an equal distribution of the preferred metric deals with the starting gate of each person’s life (giving everyone a fair and equal opportunity to compete and succeed) or with equality of life outcomes. Egalitarianism also raises a question of scope. If there is an obligation to pursue distributive equality, does it apply only within particular states or globally?

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