英国谢菲尔德大学体育学Assignment代写:体育道德

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体育道德是体育哲学的一个分支,解决体育比赛期间和周围出现的特定道德问题。随着上个世纪职业体育的肯定以及与之相关的大量娱乐产业的兴起,体育伦理不仅成为测试和发展哲学观念和理论的沃土,而且也是一个最重要的观点。哲学,民间机构和整个社会之间的联系。体育是基于规则的公平执行。首先,这意味着每个参赛者(作为个人玩家或团队)都有权看到每个参赛者同等程度地应用游戏规则,同时有责任尽量尊重规则。尽可能。这方面的教育重要性,不仅对儿童和年轻人,而且对每个人来说,都不过分。体育是教导正义,尊重规则的一个重要工具,有利于团体(参赛者和观众)以及诚实。然而,正如在比赛之外发生的那样,人们可能想知道 – 有时候 – 球员是否有理由寻求不平等待遇。例如,当违反规则将抵消裁判在比赛早期做出的一些错误调用,或者将部分弥补参赛队之间的某些经济,社会或政治不公平现象时,似乎玩家可能拥有违反规则的一些合理动机。如果没有计入有效触地的球队在下一次攻击或防守情况下会获得一些小的优势,这不公平吗?当然,这是一个微妙的问题,它以一种反映人类在其他生活领域面临的关键问题的方式挑战我们关于正义,尊重和诚实的思想。另一个主要的对抗领域是人类的增强,最值得注意的是兴奋剂案例。考虑到药物和医疗技术的应用对当代职业运动的侵入性如何,在容忍的性能增强剂和不能容忍的性能增强剂之间设置智能边界变得越来越困难。每个竞争富裕团队的职业运动员都会接受医疗辅助,以提高他们的表现,金额从数千美元到数十万甚至数百万。一方面,这有助于取得惊人的成果,这大大增加了运动的娱乐方面;然而,另一方面,是否更加尊重运动员的健康和安全,为增强剂的耐受性设置尽可能低的标准?增强剂在哪些方面影响了运动员身体和灵魂之间的关系?某些运动员的薪水越来越高,最明显的薪水与最不明显薪水的薪酬之间的差距,也提供了重新思考在1800年哲学中得到多少关注的公正补偿问题的机会,与卡尔·马克思等作家合作。例如,对NBA球员的正义补偿是什么? NBA的工资应该受到限制吗?考虑到NCAA比赛产生的业务量,学生运动员是否应该获得薪水?与体育相关的娱乐业也为我们提供了一个机会来思考收入在多大程度上有助于过上美好的生活,这是古希腊哲学的核心主题之一。一些运动员也是性别符号,因为提供他们的身体形象(有时是他们的私生活)而受到公众的关注而获得慷慨奖励。这真的是梦想的生命吗?为什么或者为什么不?

英国谢菲尔德大学体育学Assignment代写:体育道德

Sports ethics is that branch of the philosophy of sport addressing the specific ethical questions that arise during and around sports competitions. With the affirmation of professional sports in the past century as well as the rise of a voluminous entertainment industry related to it, sport ethics has come to be not only a fertile terrain for testing and developing philosophical notions and theories, but also a foremost point of contact between philosophy, civil institutions, and the society at large. Sports are based on the fair enforcement of rules. At a first approximation, this means that every contestant (being an individual player or a team) has the right to see the rules of the game applied in equal measure to each and every contestant while having the duty to try and respect the rules as best as possible. The educational importance of this aspect, not just for children and young adults but for everyone, can be hardly overstated. Sport is a critical tool to teach justice, the respect of rules for the benefit of a group (the contestants as well as the spectators), and honesty. And yet, as it happens outside a competition, one may wonder if – at times – players are justified in seeking an unequal treatment. For instance, when breaking the rule will offset some mistaken call that the referee has made earlier the game, or will partially make up for some economic, social, or political inequities that stand in between the contesting teams, it seems that a player may have some justifiable motives for breaking the rule. Isn’t it simply fair that a team who has had a valid touch down not counted in will be given some minor advantages over the next attack or defense situation? This is, of course, a delicate matter, which challenges our ideas circa justice, respect and honesty in a way that mirrors the key issues humans face in other spheres of living. Another major area of confrontation regards human enhancement and, most notably, cases of doping. Considering how invasive the application of drugs and medical techniques is to the contemporary professional sport, it has become increasingly difficult to set an intelligent boundary between those performance enhancers that shall be tolerated and those that shall not be tolerated. Every professional athlete competing for a well-off team receives medical aids to enhance his or her performances in amounts that range from thousands of dollars to hundreds of thousands and, perhaps, millions. On one hand, this has contributed to spectacular results, which much add to the entertainment side of sport; on the other, however, wouldn’t it be simply more respectful for the athletes’ health and safety to set the bar for tolerance of enhancers as low as possible? In what ways enhancers have affected the relationship between body and soul among athletes? The increasingly high salaries of certain athletes and the disparity between the pay of the most visible ones as opposed to the pay of the least visible ones have also offered the opportunity to rethink the issue of just compensation that much attention had received in eighteen hundred philosophy, with authors such as Karl Marx. For instance, what is the just compensation for an NBA player? Should NBA salaries be capped? Should student athletes be granted a salary, in consideration of the business volume generated by NCAA competitions? The entertainment industry associated with sports also offers us, on a daily basis, the opportunity to ponder to what extent income can contribute to leading a good life, one of the central themes of ancient Greek philosophy. Some athletes are sex symbols too, generously rewarded for offering their body image (and sometimes their private lives) to the public attention. Is that really the life of a dream? Why or why not?

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